People know Atlantic City today as a new gambling hotspot. But Ocean City's history is very much more interesting than a new simple slot machine. Atlantic City was incorporated in March of 1854, and that same year typically the first passenger railroad teach made its way throughout the new line from Phila. The total trip of about 60 miles got 2. 5 hours, nevertheless by the trip's conclusion, as the first visitors stepped off the educate and onto the beach, the era of Ocean City tourism had begun.
After 1860, Atlantic City became one of many hottest vacation destinations in the usa. Its main draw - location: made it accessible through several major cities, particularly Philadelphia. People from just about all over would flock towards the city's beaches to appreciate summer activities. At the time, Atlantic City centered its energies on being a health resort. Doctors would even prescribe typically the city's "sea air" as a solution for anxiety, pain, as well as insanity. Because the population and tourism grew, the businesses commenced to expand and proceed closer to the seashore.
There was just one issue with the close proximity to the beach - typically the beach itself. Merchants have been inundated with sand drawn, dropped and deposited within their establishments. Back in the 1860s, railroad constructor Andrew Boardman proposed a solution. Along with others, he suggested the walkway that would surge above the sand plus allow beachgoers to clean up their feet before leaving typically the beach. On June 26, 1870, the plan had been realized - a wood walkway was completed that separated the beach coming from the rest of the particular city. Boardman's Walk: when it was called - had been the world's first. The name was eventually reduced to "Boardwalk". Plus, since an official Atlantic Metropolis "street", Boardwalk was (and still is) always spelled with a capital W.
As demand for added beachfront space rose, the particular Boardwalk grew. This expansion led to the invention inside 1884 of another Atlantic City staple, the rolling chair. A canopied couch designed to be pressed from behind, it produced traveling the length regarding the ever-expanding Boardwalk easier for wealthy vacationers.
Boardwalk real estate became a prime location. All kinds of beachside attractions sprang up, from amusement piers to sideshows to efficiency theaters to small vendors selling A salt water Taffy (another Atlantic City first) plus more. Steeplechase Pier, Steel Pier, Heinz Pier, the particular Million Dollar Pier, while others made their glorious debuts in those first few decades of rapid growth.
Between 1890 and 1940, Atlantic City's history will become less a single cycle of events, but instead a series of "oddities" and "firsts. " Therefore much happened in Ocean City during its peak: presidents came to speak, magic dazzled audiences, amusement piers came and went plus came again, and a great number of other odds and ends of history were made. Atlantic Metropolis had razzle-dazzle, craziness, defiant showiness, corporate enterprising, in addition to everything in between.
The first picture postcards inside the U. S. were views of Atlantic Town in 1872. A salt water Taffy was invented and named there around 1880. Typically the first air-conditioned theater exposed in the summer regarding 1896. Although Chicago keeps fame for the first "Ferris Wheel, " it had been in 1891 that Williams Somers built an "observational roundabout" on the Boardwalk. It was this tire ride that was seen and improved on by simply George Washington Gale Ferris for the 1893 Chicago, il World's Fair, and it is his name, not Somers', which is today attached to the particular ride.
The string regarding "firsts" continued into the 20th century. In 1915, the first non-subsidized public transportation system, The Atlantic City Jitney, was founded. The very first passenger airline service made its way by means of Atlantic City in 1919, a similar year that typically the term "airport" was given. Of course, the Miss America pageant started here in 1921 and carried on here for decades. Typically the first official convention hall opened its doors inside Atlantic City in 1929. For golfers, the slang conditions "Eagle" and "Birdie" were first used right here.
By 1944, the Ocean City Boardwalk stretched a staggering seven miles down the coast of Absecon Isle - ending in Longport, three cities south. On the other hand, within the fall of that year, a huge east coastline hurricane destroyed most of the Boardwalk, many attractions in addition to several amusement piers. Typically the Boardwalk would eventually end up being rebuilt to a reduced distance of about a few. 75 miles (including the Ventnor section).
The typhoon of 1944 may have recently been the straw that out of cash the proverbial camel's back again for Atlantic City travel. Commercial airline travel, made famous inside the 1930s and nineteen forties, was making exotic places (such as Florida in addition to the Bahamas) more accessible. There was less need for a local vacation spot, and Atlantic City travel began its steady drop. By the 1960s, Ocean City was basically deceased. With almost no tourist income, high unemployment, in addition to low population, something must be done.
In 1970, a bill was introduced to the New Jersey Set up suggesting the legalization of gambling statewide as the way to boost Ocean City's economy. The bill has been rejected and the thought dropped, partly due to being able to pressure from protest organizations from the idea of legalized gambling in New Jersey. At that point, the only state in typically the U. S. with legalized gambling was Nevada (established in the 1930s). About three similar gambling bills have been brought to the assemblage before it was finally authorized in 1976, and just after the bill has been modified to allow regarding gambling exclusively at Ocean City, rather than statewide because the previous proposals got suggested. A mere 1. 5 years later, in May 78, the first casino in Ocean City - Resorts Global - opened its doors. In the ensuing yrs, other casinos quickly implemented suit, and a brand new wave of tourism began.
Dirk Vanderwilt is typically the author of several travel guidebooks for your Tourist Town Guides series. Tourist Town Guides offer independent, sincere advice about America's leading tourist hotspots. Read more:atlantic its solutions nj