As we all know sentence are formed by arranging words to get some meaning out of it. Those arrangements of words divide the sentence in to 4 types.
In other words, we can say with the physical arrangements or based structure, sentences are divided in to 4 types.
• Simple Sentence
• Compound Sentence
• Complex Sentence
• Complex – Compound Sentence
Let’s have a look in to each of them.
As the name suggests, simple sentences are the easiest sentence in English Grammar. They are formed by one clause and one dependant variable.
So, to form a simple sentence we need at least one subject and one verb.
1. A horse is running.
2. She is singing.
3. Jill is climbing.
4. Birds are flying.
In above examples the verbs: running, singing, climbing, flying cannot be performed other than the subjects A horse, She, Jill and Birds
A compound sentence is formed by combining two or more independent clauses. Or by combining two simple sentence we can make a compound sentence. The joiner which is used to combine these sentences are called conjunctions.
• Either: or
• neither: nor
• both: and
• not only: but also
Compound sentence can be formed by combining simple sentence with the help of punctuation as well. They are:
• exclamation point
• question mark
• I went for shopping and bought new t-shirts.
• Kevin finished homework and went to play football.
• I could not go to play because it was raining.
Above examples have simple sentences combined with conjunctions like: and, because.
All the examples have one independent clause and one dependent clause.
As the name suggest it is the complex form of the sentence we use. These sentences are quite longer than simple and compound sentence. A complex sentence is formed by combining two or more compound sentences. Here one or more dependent clauses are combined with one independent clause using conjunctions and/or relative pronouns.
Commonly used words to form complex sentences are: which, that, whose, whoever, whomever, who, and whom.
• When I wake up, remind me to make a call.
• You will fail in exam if you are not preparing well.
• I am not sure whom to approach for help.
Above complex sentences have one independent clause and one or more dependent clause.
Complex-compound sentences are combination of complex and compound sentence. This sentence has two independent clauses and at least one dependent clause
It is particularly important to punctuate these sentence as they are very long in compared to other type of sentences.
Like compound and complex sentence, we use conjunctions to form a Complex-compound Sentences which are called Co-ordinating Conjunction and Subordinating conjunction.
Co-ordinating Conjunction: for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so
Subordinating Conjunction: after, although, as, as far as, as if, even though, every time, in order that, since, till, unless, when, whenever, while, how, as soon as
• Although I prefer tea than coffee, he bought coffee for me, and It was not that bad.
• I rushed for home because it was raining, but I forgot my notebook in the school for which I had to go back.
• Every time she remembers her past, she felts sad and cry a lot, as she misses her father who is no more.
Above complex compound sentences have more than one dependent clause and one independent clause.