Undoubtedly, the construction industry has developed itself rapidly with the help of modern technology. In a present scenario, the designs and plans are made with the help of laptops and computers, which in result, have enhanced the pace and the effectiveness of the construction. Not to mention, with the help of advanced technology, the designs and plans have substantially lowered the cost than early times. Furthermore, the material that is used in constructing buildings and other enormous structures are far more robust and lasting than those utilized even a short while ago, which in general helps in constructing safer and more practical structures.
In the construction industry, formwork is the most crucial constitute, and, therefore, it can be termed as permanent or temporary form into which the mixture of concrete is poured, which with time becomes solid. For hundreds and thousands of years to aid the building of different shapes and sizes of structure, the formwork is being used all across the globe. For more than 30 decades, different sorts of formwork have been utilized in Australia, which itself concludes that formwork has played a prudent role in our development. Before moving significance, let’s first comprehend what formwork is and how it is useful in building construction.
The term formwork means “The Mold”. In other words, it is the casing into which the casting material, generally “concrete” is poured to acquire the desired shape of the structure. In building construction, the formwork is as same as the mold which is used to cast concrete members in various shapes and sizes with the help of different material like timber, plastic, aluminium, steel, and other. Formwork is also known as shuttering. Enlisted below are three main types of formwork that are used in building construction.
1. Engineered Formwork: In today’s world, engineered formwork has gained immense popularity and has become one of the top-priorities for constructing companies. This formwork is reusable, which means this can be used tens of thousands of times, which eventually will save a lot of time, money, and energy. This type of formwork uses pre-assembled modules with metal frames made from either aluminium or steel.
2. Timber Formwork: Timber is the traditional type of formwork that is still in use because of its easy availability and cheap cost. This type of formwork is made from plywood or lumber, and it is easy to craft but it has a short life, and it’s a time-consuming process. However, because of its flexibility, it is appropriate for a complex section of construction. In addition to this where labor charges are low, this formwork is preferred. But, it is not suitable for a large structure.
3. Concrete Formwork: This type of formwork is rapidly gaining the eyes of construction companies because of its various advantages, which include low cost and low ecological footprint. Once this formwork got assembled on-site it remains in its place after the concretes get hard. Additionally, this formwork is durable and fire-resistant.
• Formwork is essential for many reasons. But, one of the most crucial reasons is that it cannot be substituted. And by utilizing formwork, the concrete structure can be constructed rapidly with less cost.
• During the construction phase, the formwork offers proper access and a working platform that helps in enhancing the worker's scaffold safety.
• Formwork offers outstanding safety by providing solutions against all overlay loads.
The bottom line: Doubtlessly, there are many types of formwork accessible to suit different types of scaffoldings. But, the most adaptable type of formwork depends upon numerous factors, so choose wisely.