Who is at risk of falls?
Anyone can fall, though the risk is higher for older people. The increased risk of falling may be the result of changes that occur with adolescence, and certain medical conditions, such as arthritis, cataracts, or hip problems.
What can I do to reduce the risk of falling?
Most falls occur at home. Here are some tips to help make your home a safer place:
Make sure your home is well lit. A well-lit home will help you avoid tripping over objects that are hard to spot. Install night lighting in your bedroom, hallways, stairs and bathrooms.
All carpets should be securely affixed to the floor or pasted with non-slip stickers. All loose ends should be fastened to the floor.
Do not leave electrical cables on the floor in the areas where they are going.
Install holders in your bathroom with bathtub, shower and toilet.
Install holders on both sides of the stairs for support.
In the kitchen, make sure that all objects are within reach. Do not store objects in places that are too high or too low. Thus, you do not need to use a high ladder or stool to reach them. It is advisable not to store objects too low, so you don't have to bend over to reach them.
Wear shoes with non-slip soles. Avoid locking slippers larger than your size that may cause you to stumble.
What else can you do?
Take good care of your body. Try to keep yourself healthy by following these tips:
Wear appropraite shoes
Wear appropriate shoes which has rubber sole and have traction to the floor. It’s extremely important as most falls occur from slippery shoes.
Make an appointment with your ophthalmologist at least once a year. Cataracts and other eye diseases can damage your eyesight, which can cause falls.
Occasionally visit a pharmacy for consultation with pharmacists.
Do physical activity on a regular basis to maintain the strength of your muscles and bones.
Take good care of your feet. If you feel pain in your feet, or if you have long, thick, warty nails, ask your doctor to have your feet checked.
Consult your doctor about the side effects you may have as a result of using the medication. Problems arising from drug side effects are common causes of falls. The more drugs you use, the more likely you are to fall.
Consult your doctor if you feel dizzy.
If your doctor suggests using a cane or treadmill to walk, heed your advice. These accessories will give you more stability as you go, helping you avoid falls.
Limit alcohol consumption to no more than 2 drinks a day.
When you get out of bed in the morning or at night to go to the bathroom, lie down on the bed for a few minutes before you stand. When you sit down, your blood pressure needs little time to regulate itself. Blood pressure may be too low if you get up quickly. This can cause dizziness, and you may lose your balance and fall.