Glaucoma is the second top cause of blindness following cataract. However, unlike cataract Glaucoma triggers a bigger influence on the patients as blindness from glaucoma is irreversible. Glaucoma is a group of eye disorders that damage the eye's optic nerve and may lead to vision loss and blindness. But with early detection and appropriate treatment it's possible to guard your eyes from additional serious vision issues. Glaucoma is one of the major causes of irreversible blindness. In a poll in 2006 it had been reported that there were approximately 67 individuals with glaucoma and nearly 10 percent of these were blind.
The optic nerve is made up of package of roughly 1 million person nerve fibers that transmit visual signals in the eye into the mind. In Main open-angle glaucoma, which can be among the most typical forms, the fluid pressure in the eye increases and this might cause progressive damage to the optic nerve and loss of nerve pathways. This may lead to loss of eyesight. Advanced glaucoma might even result in blindness. This doesn't indicate that anybody with high eye pressure can develop Glaucoma. Glaucoma may be developed even in certain men and women that have normal eye pressure. Glaucoma develops when the strain within a individual's eye is too large to get a distinct optic nerve regardless of whatever the strain might be.
Another kind of Glaucoma that's not as common is called severe angle-closure glaucoma. This sort of Glaucoma usually happens suddenly because of a rapid increase of pressure in the eye. Intense pain in the eye, nausea, and redness at heart, seeing halos or coloured rings around lights and blurry vision are a few of the indicators of severe angle-closure glaucoma. This sort of Glaucoma is a serious illness which could result in significant loss of eyesight and requires immediate medical help.
Glaucoma can't now be avoided. But if recognized at an early stage and treated early it can be controlled. Good medicine or surgery can slower or protect against additional loss of eyesight. An yearly dilated eye exam is highly recommendable for those that are at risk for Glaucoma. Individuals that are over age 60 are at heightened risk of developing Glaucoma. A prior family history of glaucoma can also be a motive to come up with glaucoma. It's seen that few men and women develop this disease because of other health issues like diabetes, higher blood pressure and cardiovascular disease.
Severe trauma may also lead to immediate increased eye pressure and the internal damage caused by it may also bring about future increases in stress. Injury may also dislocate the lens, shutting the drainage angle and increasing stress. There are particular characteristics of eye anatomy, namely thinner corneas and optic nerve wracking that might also result in glaucoma. Retinal detachment, eye tumors and eye inflammations might also be a cause of creating glaucoma in certain.
Glaucoma can be identified using a detailed eye examination. The most important goal of Glaucoma therapy is to decrease the pressure in the eye. Standard use of eye drops will be the most usual and original treatment offered to take care of Glaucoma. While a few other may require regular drugs, Laser therapy or alternative surgeries. If eye drops and laser operation don't control the eye strain, such instances may be medicated with trabeculectomy that's a microsurgery. Drainage valve augmentation surgery is an alternative for adults who have uncontrolled disease or secondary cataract or for children with glaucoma. Acute angle-closure glaucoma is a vital condition and requires immediate medical attention. Those affected may take drugs to decrease eye pressure in the first and they may also probably experience a laser procedure called laser peripheral iridotomy. Continued treatment is obligatory for glaucoma patients since the disease can advance or alter with no warning. Eye drugs and regular eye exams are extremely essential so you can visit eye hospital in kolkata for doing the same. New drugs continue to be developed to combat Glaucoma. Timely identification and therapy can always assist in restraining Glaucoma.